The development of industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina also led to the development of the transport network and urbanization.
After the Second World War, industry experienced full momentum, and Bosnia and Herzegovina transformed from an agrarian country into a distinctly industrial country. The main resources that are processed are iron, manganese, chromium, lead, zinc, bauxite, antimony and nickel. The plants produce large quantities of steel, drawn wire, ferroalloys, raw aluminum, alumina, forged products, cast products, rolled products, etc.
The metal industry in Bosnia and Herzegovina began to develop after the Second World War. Until 1992, the metal industry employed a large number of workers in BiH.
Cereals are grown in the lowland areas of Peripannonian Bosnia and river valleys, in areas
fruits and vegetables in the low hills, and in the area of Herzegovina vines, tangerines, apricots, peaches and tobacco. Before the war, poultry and pig farming almost had the character of industrial production; cattle breeding is very common, and sheep breeding is most common in mountainous areas. Agricultural raw materials are processed in plants across the country.
We highlight the wood industry
About 53% of the surface of Bosnia and Herzegovina is under forests.
Based on the existing raw materials, a strong wood industry has developed with a long-standing tradition of producing a very wide range of wood products. It is estimated that the annual value of the sector’s production is over €400 million, with about 2/3 being placed on the foreign market. The wood industry is one of the strategic branches of the economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Structure and assortment
wood industry products are very diverse and almost everything that can be produced in the wood industry factories in the world is produced in the wood industry plants of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The backbone of the wood industry is the production of the following products:
• elements for furniture,
• all types of furniture (upholstered, solid wood, slab, bedrooms, living rooms, children’s rooms, kitchens, dining rooms, office furniture, furniture for schools and kindergartens, hallways, garden
• construction carpentry,
• parquets and floors,
• sawn timber,
• prefabricated wooden construction,
• massive plates,
• wooden packaging material
• pellets and briquettes.
The capacities of the wood industry have always far exceeded the needs of the Bosnia and Herzegovina market, so that most of the production worth over 300 mil. €/year sells to the foreign market in Western Europe, America, the Middle East.